10-01-1847Annie Besant was born, advocate for birth control, socialism, and women's rights; theosophist; first woman president of Indian National Congress
10-02-1949Annie Leibovitz was born, photographer, first woman to have a feature exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery
10-03-1885Sophie Treadwell was born, actress, playwright, journalist, and writer
10-04-1976Barbara Walters, journalist, became the first female co-anchor of a network evening news program, on the ABC Evening News
10-05-1959Maya Lin was born, architect of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
10-06-1820Jenny Lind was born in Sweden, an international singing sensation called the "Swedish Nightingale"
10-07-1946Queen Pengiran Anak Saleha (The Raja Isteri), of Brunei Darussalam, was born, supporter of women’s organizations including the Women’s Institute and Girl Guides Association of Brunei
10-08-1794Caroline Howard Gilman was born, writer, poet, and publisher; produced one of the first juvenile magazines, "The Rose Bud," in 1832
10-09-1830Harriet Hosmer was born, sculptor, achieved financial independence as an artist
10-10-1874Beatrice Moses Hinkle was born, doctor, co-founded first psycho-therapeutic clinic in U.S. in 1908
10-11-1984Dr. Kathryn D. Sullivan became the first U.S. woman astronaut to walk in outer space
10-12-1839Sarah Jane Foster was born, writer and educator; taught newly freed slaves after the American Civil War
10-13-1904Bertha von Suttner of Austria lectured in the U.S. on the peace movement; first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905
10-14-1896Lillian Gish was born, actress, called the "Queen of the Silent Drama"
10-15-1917Marion O'Brien Donovan was born, inventor of the disposable diaper
10-16-1916Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in U.S.
10-17-1868Sophia Gregoria Hayden was born in Chile, the first woman to attend MIT School of Architecture
10-18-1956Martina Navratilova was born, world tennis champion
10-19-1850Annie Smith Peck was born, mountaineer, called the "Queen of the Climbers"
10-20-1917Alice Paul was arrested for picketing the White House demanding women's right to vote; founder of the National Women's Party
10-21-1928Elinor Smith, aviator, became the 1st and probably only person to fly under four bridges on the East River in New York City
10-22-1919Doris Lessing was born, British-Zimbabwean author; winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2007
10-23-1942Anita Roddick was born in Britain, founder of The Body Shop, a cosmetics company; one of the first businesses to prohibit testing on animals
10-24-1788Sarah J. Hale was born, author, wrote "Mary Had a Little Lamb"
10-25-1912Minnie Pearl was born, comedienne, known for wearing a big hat with the price tag still attached
10-26-1902Beryl Markham was born, first woman to fly across the Atlantic ocean east to west, in 1936
10-27-1940Maxine Hong Kingston was born, American author and educator
10-28-1844Katharine Corran Brandegee was born, botanist, curator of California Academy of Sciences herbarium in 1883
10-29-1966National Organization for Women (NOW) held its first conference in Washington, D.C.
10-30-1896Ruth Gordon was born, actress; movies include "Harold & Maude"
10-31-1860Juliette Gordon Low was born, founder of the Girl Scouts of the U.S.