12-01-1955Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on the bus, setting off civil rights protests
12-02-1923Maria Callas was born, opera singer, called "La Divina"
12-03-1842Ellen Swallow Richards was born, the first woman to graduate from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and its first woman instructor
12-04-1865Edith Cavell was born, English nurse, helped Allied soldiers escape during WWI; executed by the Germans
12-05-1822Elizabeth Cabot Cary Agassiz was born, educator, first president of Radcliffe College, in 1894
12-06-1927Patsy Mink was born, first Japanese-American woman in U.S. Congress, in 1965
12-07-1941First Lt. Annie Fox, army nurse, was the first service woman to receive the Purple Heart for combat, for her actions during the bombing of Pearl Harbor
12-08-1834(@date) Fanny Cochrane Smith was born in Australia; made the only known recordings of Tasmanian Aboriginal song and speech in 1899 and 1903
12-09-1972Helen Reddy's song "I Am Woman" rose to #1 on the Billboard record chart
12-10-1830Emily Dickinson was born, American poet
12-11-1863Annie Jump Cannon was born, astronomer, developed a system of classification of stars
12-12-1835Sarah Ingersoll Cooper was born, educator, active in the kindergarten movement, opened the first free kindergarten west of the Rocky Mountains
12-13-1818Mary Todd Lincoln was born, First Lady from 1861 to 1865
12-14-1961The U.S. President's Commission on the Status of Women was established to review and make recommendations about women's equality and discrimination
12-15-1913Muriel Rukeyser was born, poet and writer
12-16-1775Jane Austen was born, author; novels include "Sense and Sensibility" and "Pride and Prejudice"
12-17-1760Deborah Sampson was born, fought in the American Revolutionary War disguised as a man
12-18-1888Dame Gladys Cooper was born, actress; first acted in 1906, and her last film was "My Fair Lady" in 1964
12-19-1829Jane Cunningham Croly was born, journalist; founded the General Federation of Women's Clubs in 1890; pen name Jennie June
12-20-1928The Ethyl Barrymore Theater opened in New York, named after the actress
12-21-1767Phillis Wheatley's first poem was published when she was 14 years old; first African-American woman to publish a poem
12-22-1880Aline Bernstein was born, theater designer
12-23-1867"Madam" C.J. Walker was born, cosmetics entrepreneur, first African-American woman self-made millionaire
12-24-1941Helen Cassiani, Army Nurse 2nd Lt., received a commendation for her courageous actions during a Japanese air attack in Manila
12-25-1821Clara Barton was born, founder of the American Red Cross; teacher; acted as nurse on the Civil War battlefield
12-26-1954Susan Butcher was born, four-time winner of the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
12-27-1901Marlene Dietrich was born in Germany, actress and singer
12-28-1894Burnita Shelton Matthews was born, first woman federal district judge in 1949, served in Washington D.C.
12-29-1721(@date) Madame de Pompadour was born, courtesan and mistress to King Louis XV of France
12-30-1889Peggy Hull was born, journalist; first American woman to get press credentials from the U.S. War Dept.; covered WWI and WWII
12-31-1881Elizabeth Arden was born, real name Florence Nightingale Graham, cosmetics entrepreneur, known for always wearing pink